Enabling Hyperparameter Tuning of Machine Learning Classifiers in Production [Conference Paper]

NESL Technical Report #: 2021-12-0


Abstract: Machine learning (ML) classifiers are widely adopted in the learning-enabled components of intelligent Cyber-physical Systems (CPS) and tools used in designing integrated circuits. Due to the impact of the choice of hyperparameters on an ML classifier performance, hyperparameter tuning is a crucial step for application success. However, the practical adoption of existing hyperparameter tuning frameworks in production is hindered due to several factors such as inflexible architecture, limitations of search algorithms, software dependencies, or closed source nature. To enable state-of-the-art hyperparameter tuning in production, we propose the design of a lightweight library (1) having a flexible architecture facilitating usage on arbitrary systems, and (2) providing parallel optimization algorithms supporting mixed parameters (continuous, integer, and categorical), handling runtime failures, and allowing combined classifier selection and hyperparameter tuning (CASH). We present Mango, a black-box optimization library, to realize the proposed design. Mango is currently used in production at Arm for more than 25 months and is available open-source (https://github.com/ARM-software/mango). Our evaluation shows that Mango outperforms other black-box optimization libraries in tuning hyperparameters of ML classifiers having mixed parameter search spaces. We discuss two use cases of Mango deployed in production at Arm, highlighting its flexible architecture and ease of adoption. The first use case trains ML classifiers on the Dask cluster using Mango to find bugs in Arm's integrated circuits designs. As a second use case, we introduce an AutoML framework deployed on the Kubernetes cluster using Mango. Finally, we present the third use-case of Mango in enabling neural architecture search (NAS) to transfer deep neural networks to TinyML platforms (microcontroller class devices) used by CPS/IoT applications.

Publication Forum: Third IEEE International Conference on Cognitive Machine Intelligence

Page (Count): 10

Date: 2021-12-15

NESL Document?: Yes

Document category: Conference Paper